We are committed to developing innovative energy solutions that have a low environmental impact.
Increased commitment on renewables is expected in 2019-2022, with an investment in profitable projects of around €1.2 billion and a potential installed capacity of around 1.6 GW by 2022. This power is set to reach 5 GW in 2025, with the ambition of achieving 10 GW by 2030. With the set-up of the Energy Solution Division (DES) in 2015, which reports to the CEO, Eni has boosted its development strategy for the renewable energy business, through a distinctive model based on:
In line with the decarbonisation process and the development of renewables, for some years now, Eni has added to the traditional business the production of high quality biofuels through the conversion of the traditional refineries of Porto Marghera and Gela into bio-refineries, using the Ecofining proprietary technology which enables the production of green diesel with a high level of performance through a flexible hydrogenation process with different types of biological raw materials (vegetable oils, waste oils, animal fat derivatives, by-products from the food industry, etc.). These initiatives implemented in Gela and Venice are expected to reach a total supply of renewables of over 1 million tons by 2019.
In particular, at the Porto Marghera biorefinery, started in May 2014 with a capacity of 360 kton per year, the new plant for the treatment of vegetable oils came into operation, which can also process unrefined materials with greater flexibility of supply. In addition, a feasibility study is underway for a high-temperature gasification plant for Plasmix (non-recyclable plastics) to produce hydrogen, as an alternative to the traditional technology of natural gas steam reforming. The CO2 produced by the gasification process can be captured (CCS) or used in industry. The conversion project of the Gela refinery into a biorefinery was completed at the end of 2018, while the plant is expected to start up in 2019. The plant will have a capacity of 720 kton per year and since the beginning will have a flexibility on raw materials that will allow the processing of unconventional feedstock (used vegetable oils and animal fats).
The new plant for vegetable oil processing went into operation in 2018 at the Venice biorefinery.
In 2018, 252 thousand tons of biomass were processed, which were transformed into 174 thousand tons of green diesel 32 thousand of green naphtha and 13 of green GPL. The biomasses supplied mostly come from Malaysia and Indonesia. They are certified according to the ISCC-EU standard and processed in certified refineries: it is possible to quantify the emission savings achieved with their use in 450 thousand tons of CO2. Furthermore, suppliers have been carefully selected, who are required to comply with specific requirements and with whom periodic visits are made in order to develop mutual cooperation in improving the sustainability requirements of supplies. For the transport of the raw material, a high efficiency vessel was chosen and it was used with dedicated transport of plant biomass from Indonesia to Italy. The personnel dedicated to the procurement and processing of biomass is specifically trained on sustainability requirements and attends regular training sessions. The team of dedicated staff collaborates with stakeholders and experts in the biofuel sector, in order to improve their knowledge and implement the most advanced European standards for Eni R&M.
Eni's commitment is also aimed at promoting, together with specialized partners and regeneration companies, pilot initiatives for the collection of exhausted vegetable oils of the domestic supply chain in Italy. The aim is to develop innovative methods of recovery and user awareness campaigns to be tested in sample cities with different extensions and different urban areas. On the basis of the results and lessons learned, the system can be subsequently extended at national level. With this in mind, in 2017, Eni has signed several agreements with industry associations, such as Conoe and Utilitalia, to encourage the collection of exhausted vegetable oils for domestic use and the subsequent reuse as the raw material in charge for bio-refineries. Furthermore, in 2018, Oilà was launched, a project to recover used cooking oil produced by Eni's people and their families to transform a potentially harmful waste for the environment, such as waste oil, into a new energy resource. The project started in early June at the Venice Biorefinery and was extended during the year to other Eni sites in Italy.
Eni’s position on sustainable mobility consists in a balanced approach towards the various technologies and is based on the identification of a synergistic mix of solutions to maximise effectiveness along three main lines: improving the environment, reducing traffic and building innovative services. This mix includes numerous actions, some of which Eni can and does adopt autonomously, others which represent a stimulus for stakeholders or to be carried out in partnership.
(a) For example, collaboration with FCA.
(b) Fossil fuels, bio-fuels, Compressed Natural Gas (CNG)/Liquid Natural Gas (LNG)/ Liquid Petroleum Gas (LPG), electric, hydrogen, and liquid compressed methane and infrastructure for hydrogen distribution and electricity production from renewable sources.
(c) For example, the new fuel for A20 petrol that can be marketed from 2019 with lower emissions already with the current fleet of vehicles.
(d) Bio-fuels such as Eni Diesel+ reduce CO2 emissions by 5% (vs. traditional diesel) and polluting gaseous emissions by up to 40%.
Eni has also identified the circular economy as a driver for decarbonization and has therefore launched a series of projects that will bring benefits not only in terms of emissions, but also from the point of view of “sustainability” in the broadest sense, because they will offer services and industrial benefits in the processing of certain types of waste aimed at the production of biofuels.
Chemicals from renewable feedstock is a strategic sector for long-term development to be achieved through innovative technologies for the production of high-quality products. As part of its commitment to contribute to the decarbonization process, Eni is active in the green chemistry sector through its dedicated company Versalis, offering a portfolio of products from renewable feedstock for high value-added applications and for increasing the share of renewables in its product range.